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Concord and Agreement: The Perfect Pair

Concord and agreement are like the perfect pair in language; they ensure that the different elements in a sentence match and work harmoniously together. Just as a well-matched team achieves success, concord and agreement lead to grammatically correct and coherent sentences.

Subject-Verb Concord:

  1. Singular Subject with Singular Verb:

  2. When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular.

    • The cat jumps over the fence.

  3. Plural Subject with Plural Verb:

  4. When the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb must also be plural.

    • The cats jump over the fence.

  5. Singular Indefinite Pronoun with Singular Verb:

  6. Singular indefinite pronouns, such as “everybody,” “someone,” or “nothing,” require singular verbs.

    • Everybody wants to be successful.

  7. Collective Nouns with Singular or Plural Verbs:

  8. Collective nouns, referring to a group of individuals, can take either a singular or plural verb depending on the context. If the group is seen as a single unit, a singular verb is used. If the focus is on individual members of the group, a plural verb is used.

    • The team is winning the match. (Singular verb, treating the team as a single unit)
    • The team are celebrating their victory. (Plural verb, focusing on individual players)

Subject-Pronoun Agreement:

  1. Singular Noun with Singular Pronoun:

  2. When referring back to a singular noun, use a singular pronoun.

    • The girl is reading a book. She is enjoying it.

  3. Plural Noun with Plural Pronoun:

  4. When referring back to a plural noun, use a plural pronoun.

    • The boys are playing soccer. They are having fun.

Adjective-Noun Agreement:

  1. Agreement in Number:

  2. Adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in number (singular or plural).

    • The blue car is fast. The blue cars are fast.

  3. Agreement in Gender (for Some Languages):

  4. In some languages, adjectives also agree with the gender of the nouns they modify (masculine, feminine, or neuter).

    Example (Spanish):
    • El coche azul es rápido. (The blue car is fast.)
    • La casa azul es rápida. (The blue house is fast.)
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